outcomes p. 12

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Question English Answer English
urban tales
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story or anecdote that is based on hearsay and widely circulated as true
to compel (to)
As a schoolboy he was compelled to wear shorts even in winter.
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to force someone to do something
be compelled to appear as a witness/ feel compelled to resign/ feel compelled to respond
to spark
This proposal will almost certainly spark another countrywide debate about immigration.
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to cause the start of something, especially an argument or fighting
to spark a wave of protests/ to spark criticism/ to spark fears
to grip
This trial has gripped the whole nation.
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to keep someone's attention completely
the country is gripped by recession/ the trial has gripped the nation/ to be gripped by fear
The facts behind the scandal are sure to emerge eventually.
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to appear by coming out of something
emerge as a global power/ emerge from recession/ the ideas emerge from...
One thing that unites all these sotries is...
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to unite the whole community/ what unites them is.../ to unite the political party
Our little chat has raised my spirits (= made me feel happier).
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to cause something to increase
to raise the issue at the meeting/ to raise fears/ to raise doubts about...
He tried to calm the screaming baby by rocking it back and forth.
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to stop someone feeling upset
to calm the markets/ to calm my nerves/ to calm the angry crowd
The killer confessed that he often drugged his victims before he killed them.
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to give a person a pill that causes him unconscious
drug and rob tourists/ drug someone's drink/ drug his victims

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