HUB - C1 - Unit 1 and 2

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Question Answer
separatista, escapada, escindido
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breakaway
ruptura, colapso, desglose
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breakdown
descubrimiento, adelanto, avance
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breakthrough
ruptura, fuga
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breakout
Está relacionado
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It's relating
La tele está erosionando el barrio
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TV is eroding the neighbourhood
Ancho, holgado (adj)
Normalmente llevo ropa holgada para sentirme cómoda
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baggy
I normally wear baggy clothes to feel comfortable.
informal, casual, relajado (adj) - clothes are comfortable and suitable for wearing in informal situations
No es una ocasión formal, así que puedes ponerte algo casual.
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casual
It’s not a formal occasion, so you can just wear something casual.
disfraz (n) - clothes that you wear at a fancy dress party, pretending to be a famous person, an animal, a character from a story, etc.
En la fiesta había un premio al mejor disfraz de celebridad.
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costume
At the party there was a prize for the best celebrity costume.
código de vestimenta, etiqueta (n) - a set of rules about what you should wear in a particular place or at a particular event
El código de vestimenta en el trabajo es informal inteligente.
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dress code
The dress code at work is smart casual.
to be correct, suitable or sensible in relation to people in general or a particular group of people - "para encajar con la multitud"
A algunas personas les gusta ser notadas en lugar de simplemente encajar con la multitud.
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to fit in with the crowd
Some people like to be noticed rather than just fit in with the crowd.
conjunto de ropa - a set of clothes that are worn together
Necesito un traje nuevo para mi fiesta de cumpleaños
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outfit
I need a new outfit for my birthday party.
desaliñado, descuidado, dejado (adj) - untidy or dirty
¡No vuelvas a usar esa vieja camiseta desaliñada!
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scruffy
Don’t wear that scruffy old T-shirt again!
Destacar entre la multitud - to be very different and easy to notice
Su sentido del vestido lo hace destacar entre la multitud.
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to stand out from the crowd
His dress sense makes him stand out from the crowd.
seguidor de tendencias - someone who behaves in a way that is in fashion
Si haces lo que hacen los demás, entonces eres un seguidor de tendencias.
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trend follower
If you do what everybody else does then you’re just a trend follower.
creador de tendencias - someone or something that starts a new fashion
Ella siempre ha sido una pionera (creadora de tendencias) entre sus amigos.
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trendsetter
She’s always been a trendsetter amongst her friends.
uniforme - a set of clothes that you wear to show that you are part of a particular organisation or school
Tiene que usar su uniforme escolar todos los días.
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uniform
He has to wear his school uniform every day.
a la larga, a largo plazo - not immediately but at some time in the future
Eliminar puestos de trabajo podría resultar más caro a largo plazo si tenemos que contratar autónomos.
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in the long run
Cutting jobs could be more expensive in the long run if we have to hire freelancers.
fuera de la plataforma (disponible) - available to buy without being ordered or designed for a particular customer
La empresa podría tener un paquete de software de contabilidad a medida o comprar uno listo para usar.
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off-the-shelf
The company could have a software accounting package tailor-made or buy one off the shelf.
con un presupuesto ajustado - to do something with a small amount of money
Dirigen la revista con un presupuesto ajustado
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on a tight budget
They run the magazine on a tight budget.
miseria, nada (cacahuetes) - a very small amount of money
Compró su casa por una miseria y ahora vale mucho más.
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peanuts
He bought his house for peanuts and it’s worth a lot more now.
sin costura, sin fisuras - changing or continuing very smoothly and without stopping
Cuando llegó el nuevo jefe, fue una transición perfecta (sin fisuras)
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seamless
When the new boss came in, it was a seamless transition.
PV: to buy something as soon as it becomes available
A las 10 en punto, la mayoría de las mejores ofertas se habían vendido.
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to snap sth up
By 10 o’clock most of the best bargains had been snapped up.
hecho a medida - designed for a particular person or group of people
Nos especializamos en vacaciones a medida planificadas según sus intereses y horarios.
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tailor-made
We specialise in tailor-made holidays planned around your interests and schedule.
tirar dinero por el desagüe - to waste money by spending it on something useless
Comprar ese coche viejo era tirar dinero por el desagüe.
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throw money down the drain
Buying that old car was just throwing money down the drain.
Llamar la atención de alguien
Hubo una pintura que me llamó la atención.
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to catch sb's eye
There was one painting that caught my eye.
Slang: Nervioso, alterado, estresado - nervous and worried
Estaba demasiado nervioso para relajarme.
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wound up
I was too wound up to relax.
poco profesional, de amateur, chapucero - done or made without much skill
Hizo un trabajo de aficionado al poner los estantes.
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amateurish
He did an amateurish job of putting up the shelves.
bastante grande - quite big
La habitación es bastante grande, así que habrá suficiente espacio.
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biggish
The room’s biggish, so there’ll be enough space.
propenso a los desastres - likely to be affected by a disaster or misfortune
Mi gerente propenso a desastres rompió su teléfono y su computadora en la misma semana.
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disaster-prone
My disaster-prone manager broke his phone and his computer in the same week.
hiperinfluyente - extremely able to influence the way people think or behave
Ella es una bloguera muy influyente
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hyper-influential
She’s a hyper-influential blogger.
reeditar - to edit something again
El texto fue reeditado después de que se detectaron varios errores.
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re-edit
The text was re-edited after several errors were spotted.
Super afortunado - extremely fortunate
I was super-lucky to have the opportunity to meet my hero.
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super-lucky
I was super-lucky to have the opportunity to meet my hero.
experto en tecnología - able to understand and use technology well
Necesito pedirle a alguien más conocedor de la tecnología que yo que me ayude a arreglar mi computadora.
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tech-savvy
I need to ask someone more tech-savvy than me to help me fix my computer.
reactivar el sonido - to turn the sound back on an electronic device
No reactivó el micrófono, por lo que no se grabó nada.
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unmute
He didn’t unmute the mic, so nothing was recorded.
fácil de usar - a system or piece of equipment is easy to use or understand
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user-friendly
Plays nervously with her hands "Ella nerviosamente cierra y abre las manos"
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She nervously clasps and unclasps her hands
el futuro novio
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the prospective bridegroom
todo está parado
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everything is at a standstill
She finally starts to cry - "los ojos llenos de lagrimas"
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the tears brimming over
el tipo, el hombre, el sujeto
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the fellow
contador, contable
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accountant
carpintero
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carpenter
pinchadiscos, dj
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disc jockey
electricista
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electrician
ingeniero
Él es un ingeniero profesional.
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engineer
He is a professional engineer.
blibliotecario
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librarian
mecánico
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mechanic
músico
Es uno de los mejores músicos.
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musician
He's one of the best musicians.
farmacéutico
Mi farmacéutico me ha recomendado un jarabe para la tos.
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pharmacist
My pharmacist has recommended a great cough syrup to me.
físico (profesión)
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physician
agente de policía
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police officer
político
Se unió a un partido político.
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politician
He joined a political party.
programador
Nuestro equipo consiste de 10 programadores con experiencia.
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programmer
Our team consists of 10 experienced programmers.
reportero (profesión)
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reporter
inspector
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surveyor
veterinario
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veterinarian
diseñador web (profesión)
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web designer
en el fin de semana
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at weekend (on weeken - USA)
Verb pattern - finish
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finish + -ing
en el primer piso
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on the fist floor
tren subterráneo (Metro)
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tube
escupir
El bebé escupió la comida.
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to spit
The baby spat out the food.
paquetes, fardos, bultos
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bundles
bañador, calzoncillos
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trunks
empleado, recepcionista, dependiente, funcionario
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clerk
publicly written and talked about in an admiring way (aclamado-ovacionado)
Fue una producción aclamada internacionalmente, elogiada por la crítica mundial.
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acclaimed
It was an internationally acclaimed production, praised by critics worldwide.
very bad or disappointing (pésimo, espantoso, terrible)
Los chistes fueron absolutamente espantosos.
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appalling
The jokes were absolutely appalling.
extremely good (increíble, impresionante)
Mi viaje alrededor del mundo fue una experiencia increíble.
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awesome
My trip around the world was an awesome experience.
using new methods or achieving new results (revolucionario-pionero)
Este estudio es pionero, con muchos hallazgos nuevos sobre la diversidad de plantas.
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groundbreaking
This study is groundbreaking, with many new findings on plant diversity.
extremely funny (graciosisimo, hilarante, regocijante, divertidísimo)
Por alguna razón, encuentra sus chistes divertidos.
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hilarious
For some reason, she finds his jokes hilarious.
very famous and well-known, and believed to represent a particular idea (icónico, simbólico)
Sus fotografías se han convertido en imágenes icónicas de guerra.
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iconic
His photographs have become iconic images of war.
not as good or important as some people believe (sobrevalorado)
La película está tan sobrevalorada y simplemente no está a la altura de su publicidad.
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overrated
The film is so overrated and just doesn’t live up to its publicity.
intended to impress other people but seeming false or too deliberate (pretenciosas)
La mayoría de las canciones tienen letras tan pretenciosas.
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pretentious
Most of the songs have such pretentious lyrics.
involving repeating the same action over long periods of time (repetitivo)
Gran parte de mi trabajo es muy repetitivo y simplemente hago las mismas cosas todo el día.
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repetitive
A lot of my work is very repetitive and I’m just doing the same things all day long.
very attractive, impressive or good (sensacional, sensacionalista, amarillo)
La mejor parte de la actuación fue el canto, ¡que fue simplemente sensacional!
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sensational
The best part of the performance was the singing, which was just sensational!
boring and continuing for too long (tedioso)
Fue un viaje tan tedioso sin nada que ver o hacer todo el tiempo que estuvimos viajando.
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tedious
It was such a tedious journey with nothing to see or do the whole time we were travelling.
interesting in a way that makes you think of new ideas or that changes your attitude to something (estimulante, provocar el pensamiento)
Fue un documental increíblemente estimulante.
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thought-provoking
It was an incredibly thought-provoking documentary.
different from what most people consider to be usual or normal (poco convencional)
Tiene un sentido de la vestimenta realmente poco convencional.
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unconventional
He has a really unconventional dress sense.
especially a performer, writer or sports player, most people do not recognise how good that person or thing really is (subestimado)
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underrated
PV: to discuss something with someone in order to get their opinion and make a decision (dar ideas - rebotar ideas)
Si tiene un momento, ¿puedo darle algunas ideas?
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bounce ideas off
If you have a moment, can I bounce a few ideas off you?
PV: to get a new idea that helps you to do or create something (inspirarte en algo
Me inspiré en los surrealistas al pintar y copié algunos elementos de su estilo.
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draw inspiration from something
I drew inspiration from the surrealists when painting and copied some elements from their style.
PV: to get a new way of thinking about something (obtener una nueva perspectiva de algo)
Tuve una nueva perspectiva de la vida cuando me tomé un descanso del trabajo
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get a fresh perspective on something
I got a fresh perspective on life when I took a break from work.
PV: to start thinking or feeling appropriately for a task ahead (entrar en el estado mentar correcto)
La meditación me ayuda a entrar en el estado mental adecuado para trabajar.
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get into the right state of mind
Meditation helps me get into the right state of mind for work.
PV: to reach a point where you are physically or mentally unable to make progress or to continue doing something (golpear una pared)
La maestra de Emily dice que ha chocado contra una pared con su trabajo escolar.
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hit a wall
Emily’s teacher says she has hit a wall with her schoolwork.
PV: to spend most of your time doing something or thinking about it (sumergirse en algo)
Sandra se sumergió en el trabajo para intentar olvidar sus problemas en casa.
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immerse yourself in something
Sandra immersed herself in work to try and forget her problems at home.
PV: to make someone more creative in a very active and successful way (poner en marcha la creatividad de alguien)
Salir a correr normalmente pone en marcha mi creatividad.
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jump start someone’s creativity
Going for a run usually jump starts my creativity.
PV: to take control of something such as a plan or a problem and add your own ideas in order to make it successful (correr con una idea)
Tomemos esta idea y sigamos con ella
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run with an idea
Let’s pick up this idea and run with it.
PV: to behave according to your natural ability to know what to do in a particular situation (confía en tus instintos)
En caso de duda, confíe en sus instintos.
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trust your insticts
If in doubt, trust your instincts.
PV: to start a project with no pre-set ideas about what to do or how to do it (trabaja desde un lienzo en blanco)
Nunca había hecho algo como esto antes, así que estaba trabajando desde un lienzo en blanco.
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work from a blank canvas
I’d never done anything like this before, so I was working from a blank canvas.
extremely enthusiastic and determined to achieve success (muy motivado)
Contamos con profesores muy motivados que son entusiastas y serios con su trabajo.
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highly-motivated
We have very highlymotivated teachers who are enthusiastic and serious about their work.
happening late at night (tarde en la noche, de madrugada)
Compré algunos bocadillos en una tienda nocturna.
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late-night
I bought some snacks at a late-night store.
willing to consider new ideas (mente abierta, libre de prejuicios, imparcial)
Tiene una mente muy abierta a la hora de probar nuevos alimentos.
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open-minded
She’s very open-minded about trying new food.
done for only part of the time that an activity is usually performed (de media jornada, a media jornada)
Necesito un trabajo a tiempo parcial, así que todavía tengo tiempo para estudiar cuando no estoy trabajando.
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part-time
I need a part-time job so I still have time to study when I’m not working.
working for yourself instead of for an employer and paid directly by the people who you provide a product or service to (trabajador por cuenta propia, autónomo)
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self-employed
not easily upset or offended by what other people say about you (insensible - tener la piel dura))
Hay que tener la piel dura para ser policía.
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thick-skinned
You have to be thick-skinned to be a police officer.
a well-paid person receives a good amount of money for work (bien pagado)
Está muy bien pagada y tiene uno de los salarios más altos de la empresa.
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well-paid
She’s very well-paid with one of the highest salaries in the company.
known by people in all parts of the world (mundialmente famoso)
El hotel es mundialmente famoso y ha recibido a muchas celebridades.
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world-famous
The hotel is worldfamous and has hosted many celebrities.

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