Phrasal Verbs SEN Georgiana 1, 2, 3

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phrasal verbs
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czasowników frazowych
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zbytnio zaniepokojony
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sprzeczne z intuicją
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turn on/off
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włącz / wyłącz
switch on/off
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włącz / wyłącz
turn on
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podniecać seksualnie
turn up the volume
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zwiększyć głośność
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turn down a volume
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ściszyć głośność
turn down
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refuse an offer
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odrzucić ofertę
turn out
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okazać się
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get along / get on with
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dogaduj się / dogaduj
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go back
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wracać -
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przychodzić / pochodzić - do ciebie, kogoś
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come back
come again from a place
Jim, come back from the supermarket. I’ve just ordered a pizza.
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wracać do kogoś
go back
go again to a place
Tomorrow, Jim will have to go back to the supermarket to buy more food.
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wracać do czegoś/ iść z powrotem
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get back
It sounds a bit more informal.
Call me when you get back. I visited my uncle in France two years ago, and I can’t wait to get back! Call me when you get back. I visited my uncle in France two years ago, and I can’t wait to get back!
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Brzmi trochę bardziej nieformalnie
get by
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uzyskać przez
get over
This expression means to recover, to overcome, to accept a problem or situation
John will need some time to get over the surgery and recover strength. Please, get over it! I don’t need more complaints! We’ll have to close the shop if we can’t get over the new taxes.
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przeboleć, poradzić sobie z, dojść do siebie, przezwyciężyć
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accept a problem or situat
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zaakceptować problem lub sytuację
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powództwo, skarga
get together
This means to meet with someone, usually for social reasons
Let’s get together this weekend. We can have a pizza. The customer and the business owner need to get together to discuss the problem.
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spotkanie z kimś
get in / get on
When we use get in, we usually talk about a car, but when we use “get on” is more for buses, trains, etc.
Please, get in the car, we need to leave now. They get on the bus. When Jim got on the bus, she didn’t seem sad.
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wsiadaj / wsiadaj
get out of
Ok. We have arrived. Let’s get out of the car.
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wydostać się z
get off
How about a train, a boat, etc.? Here, we get off. Yes, it seems there’s no logic, but think about this. When we get off, it means that we are standing, and we walk out of the vehicle. We get off the vehicle.
This is our subway stop. Let’s get off.
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get up
You are in bed, in the morning, you are awake, with your eyes open, and then you get up. In other words, you are not in bed after you get up
got up early today to go to the gym. Tomorrow, I’ll get up later than usual because it’ll be Sunday.
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wstawać/podnosić się
wake up
So first you wake up and then you get up. You can, for example, wake up and spend some time in bed, and finally get up
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budzić się
look after
It basically means to take care of somebody.
I can’t come with you because I have to look after my brother. My boyfriend always looks after me. Who’s going to look after the children?
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opiekować się
look down
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patrzeć w dół
In other words, when you think that you’re better than someone.
It’s wrong to look down on people with less money than you. My boss always looks down on new employees. Jim thinks they look down on him because he doesn’t have a job.
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someone inferior
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ktoś gorszy
look for
It means to try to find something
I’m looking for a dress for the party. Some people look for friends on the Internet. The doctor will look for any problems in your health.
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look up
This phrasal verb means to find information, for example, a phone number, address, a word in a dictionary, etc
If you don’t understand a word in English, you can look it up in a dictionary. What time does the office close? I don’t know. You could look it up on the Internet.
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look out / watch out
Look out! A dog’s coming! Look out for cars when you cross the road. When you go to the forest, look out for snakes. Watch out! An earthquake has just started!
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zachować czujność / uważać
look into
Do you like Sherlock Holmes? Well, if you like him, then it’ll be easier to remember. To look into means to investigate, to try to find out.
The detective looked into the suspect. We are looking into how we can improve our department. We need to look into what happened with the marketing campaign.
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badać/dociekać/prowadzić dochodzenie
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look forward
It means to be excited about something in the future
I’m really looking forward to our holiday. I’m looking forward to seeing you next week. I look forward to meeting you tonight. He looks forward to graduating this year.
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oczekiwać/ nie móc się doczekać

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