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Question American English Answer American English
to succeed in doing or achieving something difficult
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carry of
I thought he carried off the part of Hamlet with great skill. She was nervous about giving a talk to her colleagues, but she carried it off very well
to give your time or effort completely to something you believe in or to a person, or to use a particular amount of time or energy doing something:
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devote oneself to sth
He devoted his life to serving his family, friends, and neighbors. Over half his speech was devoted to the issue of saving Social Security.
result in, cause after a series of events
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lead up to sth
The pilot had no recollection of the events leading up to the crash./ I was very anxious in the time leading up to the event. The moments leading up to the accident are very confused in my mind. What exactly led up to his resignation?
to continue doing something, especially when this is difficult:
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push on
They are pushing on with their campaign for improved childcare facilities.
to continue doing a job or activity until it is finished, especially when it is difficult:
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see sth through
The degree would take me three years to complete, but I was determined to see it through
be caused by something
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stem from
Her problems stem from her difficult childhood. Their disagreement stemmed from a misunderstanding.
to make something or someone tough, strong, or stronger:
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toughen up
The UN announced its intentions to toughen sanctions still farther. The government wants to toughen (up) the existing drug laws/controls. His time in the army certainly toughened him up. Car windows are usually made from toughened glas
to say that you know from experience that something is true or good, or that someone is honest and has a good character
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vouch for
Patricia has checked the reports and can vouch for the accuracy of the information
the highest point of a mountain. an important formal meeting between leaders of governments from two or more countries:
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World leaders will meet next week for their annual economic summit. On this day in 1784, Dr. Michel Paccard and Jacques Balmat reached the summit of Mont Blanc.
without taking any notice of or being influenced by; not prevented by:
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I still enjoyed the week despite the weather. Despite repeated assurances that the product is safe, many people have stopped buying it. [+ -ing verb ] He managed to eat a big lunch despite having eaten an enormous breakfast.
certain to happen and unable to be avoided or prevented:
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The accident was the inevitable consequence/result/outcome of carelessness.
to deal successfully with a difficult situation:
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It must be really hard to cope with three young children and a job. It's only been a year since he died - how's she coping? He had so much pressure on him in his job that eventually he just couldn't cope.
very confident in your behavior, and liking to be noticed by other people, for example because of the way you dress, talk, etc.:
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a flamboyant gesture The writer's flamboyant lifestyle was well known.
not good at making decisions:
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He is widely thought to be an indecisive leader.
the particular importance or attention that is given to something:
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I think we should put as much emphasis on preventing disease as we do on curing it. Schools here put/place/lay great emphasis on written work and grammar
able to make decisions quickly and confidently, or showing this quality:
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You need to be more decisive. a decisive reply

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